Brief history of Yoga and its propagation
The practice of yoga began during the civilization of Indus-Sarasvati in northern India more than 5,000 years ago. It was mentioned for the first time in Rig Veda, a collection of texts that consisted of rituals, mantras and songs that were mainly used by Brahmans, Vedic priests. Yoga was slowly developed by Brahmans that eventually documented its practices and beliefs in the Upanishads that has more than 200 scriptures.
Yoga in Vedas means a yoke. In some early writings, yoga was used mainly in describing a dying warrior and transcending the heavens while he is in the back of his car to the gods and the highest powers of being. During the Vedic times, the Vedic priests were generally self-disciplined and avoided. They made sacrifices that were known as Yajna and used poses that most researchers believe that they are the precursor of the type of yoga poses we use today in the modern world.
The propagation of Yoga
in the 3rd century BC, the word ‘yoga’ became common in others religions like Jain, Hindu and Buddhist writings. In the Buddhism of Mahayana, the practice of yoga for spiritual and meditative use was known as Yogachara, which consisted of eight significant steps of meditation called ‘Insight’. In the 5th century, yoga was intended for meditation and religious use, but not as a form. of training. At the same time, the concept became even more established between Jains, Buddhists and Hindus.
The first versions of Yoga were intended for spiritual practices and revolved around several fundamental values. The first central value analyzed the perception and cognitive state of an individual while understanding the cause of suffering and, finally, using meditation to solve the problem. The second central value focused on increasing consciousness, and the third was used as a way to achieve transcendence. The fourth value was full of mystery because it used yoga to penetrate the bodies of other people and act supernaturally.
Yoga later became widely valued due to the Indian nationalist movement as a way to develop pride and cultural identity. Surprisingly, the practice of yoga was widely promoted by rich families, institutions and powerful activities until India achieved its independence in 1947.Today, yoga is practiced around the world by millions of people in many forms and variations.
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